Nikolai Nikolayevich Palgov

Order of the Red Banner nr. 209832 was awarded by Order of the commander of the Artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front of February, 8 1945 to the 30-year-old Guards Lieutenant Colonel Nikolai Nikolayevich Palgov (Николай Николаевич Пальгов), the commander of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment, 26th Guards Rifle Corps, 5th Shock Army, 1st Belorussian Front.

Promotions

Date

Lieutenant

1938

Senior Lieutenant

Captain

June 24, 1942

Major

December 2, 1942

Lieutenant Colonel

August 17, 1944

Nikolai Nikolayevich Palgov was born on July 21, 1914 in the village of Pavlodarovka, Zherdevka Raion, Voronezh Oblast, Russia, in a family of peasants. He finished high school and on December 12, 1934 he enlisted in the Red Army. After a year of service as a Private in the 4th Artillery Regiment he enrolled in a school in Byelorussia, and in November 1936 he enrolled in Krasin Krasnodar Artillery School. He graduated in June 1938, was promoted to Lieutenant, and was assigned to the 106th Artillery Regiment as a platoon leader.

In November 1939 Palgov was given command of an artillery battery in the 216th Independent Artillery Regiment, and in 1940 he was appointed battalion chief of staff in this regiment. He underwent his baptism of fire in September 1941. In November 1941 he was sent off to Dzerzhinsky Artillery Academy, and when he returned in early 1942 he was once again appointed as battalion chief of staff, and later as battalion commander. He was severely wounded on May 12, 1942. In June 1942 Palgov was promoted to Captain. He served in the 5th Guards Mortar Regiment, equipped with 'Katyusha' rocket launcer trucks. Palgov would serve in Katyusha units for the next four years.

Palgov was promoted steadily: in early 1943, now a Major, he was appointed chief of staff of the 5th Guards Mortar Regiment. He was then assigned to the 92nd Guards Mortar Regiment as its deputy commander for a while, and on August 17, 1944 he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, barely 30 years old, and given command of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment. Palgov would occupy this position until the end of the war. In the summer of 1944, as part of Operation Bagration, Palgov's regiment fought at Lublin, Brest, Warsaw, and Poznań, and eventually it would advance toward Berlin, where it saw the end of the war.

Palgov's regiment was highly decorated: by May 1945 it was known as the "94th Guards Novgorod-Seversky Red Banner Orders of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 2nd Class, Suvorov 3rd Class, Kutuzov 2nd Class, and Alexander Nevsky Mortar Regiment". Palgov himself had been awarded five orders and six medals. It seems that in the shrinking postwar Red Army, there were not enough positions left for all distinguished wartime commanders; Palgov retained his post until late 1946, but was then essentially demoted to deputy commander of the 93rd Motorized Regiment. In August 1947 he was honorably discharged, after twelve and a half years of service in the Red Army. Lieutenant Colonel Palgov was married to Zinaida Ivanovna Chuvilina; they lived in the city of Kovrov in the Russian Ivanovo Oblast.


Record card [first]

Order booklet nr. 470031

1. Last name: Palgov
2. First name and patronymic: Nikolai Nikolayevich
3. Military rank: Guards Lieutenant Colonel
4. Sex: Male
5. Year of birth: 1914
6. Place of birth: Zherdevka Raion, Voronezh Oblast
7. Party membership (since which year): Member of the Communist Party
8. Education: Secondary
9. Nationality: Russian
10. Since which year in the Red Army: 1934
11. Place of service (name of unit) and position occupied at the time of the award: Commander of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment
12. Current place of service and position: Commander of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment
13. Home address of the awardee: Field post nr. 57255

14. Record of all awards received:

Name of the order or medal

Serial number

Number of the document

Ground of award

Medal for Courage [citation]

100979

Temporary certificate nr. 122875

Order of the Southeastern Front nr. 4/N of September 11, 1942

Order of the Red Banner

38063

Temporary certificate nr. 122876

Order of the Southeastern Front nr. 5/N of September 11, 1942

Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class

14105

Temporary certificate nr. 1163952

Order of the 70th Army nr. 0191/N of September 19, 1943

Order of Alexander Nevsky

11266

Temporary certificate nr. V-523955

Order of the commander of the Artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front nr. 106 of July 28, 1944

Order of the Red Banner [citation]

209832

Temporary certificate nr. D-671619

Order of the commander of the Artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front nr. 0152 of February 8, 1945

Order of the Red Banner

243685

Temporary certificate nr. Ye-768082

Order of the commander of the Artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front nr. 212 of June 4, 1945

Medal for Combat Merit

3130248

Decree of April 30, 1945

Signature of the awardee: [signed]

I confirm the correctness of the data and the signature of the awardee:

Chief of the Personnel Section of the Artillery of the Group of Soviet Occupational Forces in Germany
Colonel [signed] /Kramarenko/
January 23, 1947


Record card [second]

Order booklet nr. 470031

1. Last name: Palgov
2. First name and patronymic: Nikolai Nikolayevich
3. Military rank: Lieutenant Colonel
4. Sex: Male
5. Year of birth: 1914
6. Place of birth: Village of Pavlodarovka, Zherdevka Raion, Voronezh Oblast
7. Party membership (since which year): Member of the Communist Party since 1944
8. Education: Elementary
9. Nationality: Russian
10. Since which year in the Red Army: December 1934
11. Place of service (name of unit) and position occupied at the time of the award: Commander of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment, 1st Belorussian Front
12. Current Place of service and position: Deputy commander of the 93rd Guards Mortar Regiment, 79th Rifle Corps
13. Home address of the awardee: Field post nr. 57286

14. Record of all awards presented:

Name of the order or medal

Serial number

Number of the document

Ground of award

Medal for Courage [citation]

100979

Order booklet nr. 446171

Order of the Red Banner

38063

Order booklet nr. 446171

Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class

14105

446171

Order of Alexander Nevsky

11266

446171

Order of the Red Banner [citation]

209832

446171

Order of the Red Banner

243685

446171

Medal for Combat Merit

3130248

446171

Decree of April 30, 1945

Medal for the Defense of Stalingrad

B-36370

Decree of December 22, 1942

Medal for the Liberation of Warsaw

A-070581

Decree of June 9, 1945

Medal for the Capture of Berlin

A-056911

Decree of June 9, 1945

Medal for the Victory over Germany

V-0024855

Decree of May 9, 1945

Signature of the awardee: [signed]

I confirm the correctness of the data and the signature of the awardee:

Chief of the Personnel Section of the 3rd Shock Army
Colonel [signed] /Kornilenko/
June 3, 1947


Award sheet [for his Medal for Courage]

All fields to be filled out fully

Last name, first name and patronymic: Palgov, Nikolai Nikolayevich
Military rank: Guards Captain
Position and unit: Battalion commander in the 5th Guards Mortar Regiment
Nominated for: Order of the Red Banner
1. Year of birth: 1914
2. Nationality: Russian
3. Since when in the Red Army: Since December 1934
4. Party affiliation: Member of the Komsomol
5. Participation in combat (where and when): In the Patriotic War since June 1941
6. Wounds and contusions receoved: Wounded in his leg
7. Awards received previously (for which merits): None
8. Drafted by which military commissariat: Military Commissariat of the Kovrov Raion, Ivanovo Oblast
12. Permanent home address (of the prospective awardee or his family): ______________

Short, concrete description of his combat feat or merits:

Serving as a battery commander since the moment the mortar units were formed, comrade Palgov has displayed exceptional bravery and courage. During this period his battery killed over one hundred German fascists. During the fighting for Lozovaya, while the enemy launched an offensive on February 19, 1942 in the direction of the southwestern outskirts of Lozovaya, comrade Palgov arranged for his battery to fire on direct lay, after which his battery destroyed an enemy column of up to 300 men, as a result of which the enemy offensive was halted.

On February 25, 1942 the enemy launched an offensive from the Zakharyevsky farm. Firing on direct lay, comrade Palgov's separate artillery pieces killed up to a battalion of Romanians, and also destroyed a mortar battery.

On February 26 he repelled an enemy counterattack launched from the Petrovsky farm.

Commander of the 5th Guards Mortar Regiment
Guards Major [signed] /Parnovsky/

Commissar of the 5th Guards Mortar Regiment
Guards Senior Political Officer [signed] /Yablokov/


Award sheet [for his second Red Banner]

All fields to be filled out fully

1. Last name, first name and patronymic: Palgov, Nikolai Nikolayevich
2. Rank: Guards Lieutenant Colonel
3. Position and unit: Commander of the 94th Guards Mortar Regiment
Nominated for: Order of the Red Banner
4. Year of birth: 1914
5. Nationality: Russian
6. Party affiliation: Member of the Communist Party since 1944
7. Participation in the Civil War, the subsequent combat actions to defend the USSR, and the Patriotic War (where and when): In the Patriotic War since June 1941
8. Wounds and contusions received during the Patriotic War: Severely wounded in 1942
9. Since when in the Red Army: Since 1934
10. Drafted by which military commissariat: Military Commissariat of the Kovrov Raion, Ivanovo Oblast
11. Awards received previously (for which merits): Order of the Red Banner by Order of the Southeastern Front nr. 5/N of September 11, 1942; Order of Alexander Nevsky by Order of the commander of the Artillery of the 1st Belorussian Front nr. 0106 of July 28, 1944; Order of the Patriotic War, 1st Class by Order of the 70th Army nr. 0191/N of September 19, 1943; Medal for Courage by Order of the Southeastern Front nr. 4/N of September 11, 1942; Medal for the Defense of Stalingrad
12. Permanent home address of the prospective awardee and the address of his family: 1 Bolshaya Street, Zarechnaya Sloboda ["Settlement of the River"], city of Kovrov, Ivanovo Oblast. Married to Zinaida Ivanovna Chuvilina

Short, concrete description of his combat feat or merits:

The 94th Guards Mortar Regiment under command of Guards Lieutenant Colonel Palgov occupied combat formations.

Thanks to the well-organized reconnaissance, several enemy pockets of resistance were detected, which, during the preparatory artillery bombardment, were suppressed by a few salvos of the battalions. Units of the 26th Guards Rifle Corps broke through the deep enemy line of defense and pushed forward. At 11:30 on January 14, 1945, the enemy attempted to stop the advancing infantry at the edge of Boska Volya. By having his battalions fire off a few salvos, comrade Palgov, suppressed an enemy artillery battery, and dispersed and partially destroyed up to two infantry platoons. Without encountering any resistance, our units pushed on toward the Pilica River. The Germans tried to hold off the river crossings (near Biała Góra), but comrade Palgov accomplished a quick maneuver with two M-13 battalions and fired off two consecutive salvos. The battalions destroyed and suppressed two artillery batteries and killed up to three platoons of enemy infantry.

On January 15, 1945, while providing artillery support for the infantry, comrade Palgov was present among the combat formations. One of the battalions fired off a salvo toward a pocket of resistance near Kielce, after which units of the 26th Guards Rifle Corps pushed forward, without suffering any losses. Comrade Palgov, the entire time present among the combat formations of the infantry, exemplarily organized the communication and interaction with the units of the 26th Guards Rifle Corps. Performing a quick maneuver, he enabled the succes of the infantry offensive. By displaying skill and bravery in combat, perfectly controlling the fire of the battalions, figuring out the enemy plans in a timely manner, and destroying enemy forces and materiel, the regiment renders the units of the corps great assistance.

For controlling the fire of his battalions in an excellent manner during the breakthrough of the enemy line of defense, for his skillful leadership during offensive combat, and for the bravery and skillful maneuvers he displayed during the crossing of the Pilica River, comrade Palgov deserves the Order of the Red Banner.

Commander of the Artillery of the 26th Guards Rifle Corps
Guards Colonel [signed] /Mikhailichenko/
January 18, 1945



Lieutenant Colonel Nikolai Nikolayevich Palgov


Lieutenant Colonel Palgov's signature


Order of the Red Banner nr. 209832, obverse and reverse


A BM-13 ('Katyusha') rocket launcer. Each guards mortar regiment consisted of 36 BM-13 or BM-8 vehicles; Palgov's regiment was equipped with BM-13s



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