Fyodor Alekseyevich Savelyev

Order of the Red Star nr. 213445; Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd Class nr. 44030; and Order of Lenin nr. 285400 were awarded respectively by Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army of July 28, 1943, Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army of November 17, 1943, and Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of November 5, 1954 to Fyodor Alekseyevich Savelyev (Фёдор Алексеевич Савельев). When he received his first two awards he was a 38-year-old Guards Major, serving as deputy chief of the Reconnaissance Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army, Voronezh / 2nd Ukrainian Front. By the time he received his Order of Lenin he was the commandant of the 128th Regional Military Headquarters in East Germany.

Promotions

Date

Senior Lieutenant

November 20, 1938

Captain

1940

Major

November 4, 1942

Lieutenant Colonel

February 21, 1944

Colonel

August 23, 1951

Fyodor Alekseyevich Savelyev was born on February 17, 1905 in the village of Kostino, Krasny Kholm Raion, Kalinin Oblast, Russia, in a family of peasants. After high school he worked as a metal worker in the Molotov Factory in Leningrad. He joined the Communist Party in 1930 with membership booklet nr. 1044269 and got married to one Anna Stepanovna.

Savelyev joined the Red Army in Leningrad in November 1927. He commenced his service as a Private with the Border Guards. For some reason he was transferred to the reserves in May 1930, but he joined the army again in June 1931. He graduated from Oryol Armor School in 1932 and passed an Advanced Officer Training Course (KUKS) in 1934. Savelyev remained attached to Oryol Armor School, serving as a cadet platoon and company commander and later a deputy battalion commander. Starting in January 1942 he attended the Stalin Academic Course for Commanding Officers.

In May 1942 Savelyev had finished his military education and started serving on the Western Front. He was severely wounded in August 1942 and spent some time recovering in a hospital. Just over four months later he was appointed assistant chief of the Reconnaissance Section of the 15th Tank Corps and later the 5th Tank Army (in the various documents his assignment is given as deputy chief, assistant chief and acting chief). Even though he served in the staff of the 5th Tank Army for only seven months, Savelyev earned all three bravery awards he would win during his career in this period. He was severely wounded again in February 1944 and after a recovery period of over eight months he once again attended an Academic Course for Commanding Officers. While he studied at this school, the war ended.

After the war, in November 1945, he was given command of a cadet battalion at Bui Tank School, and a year later he commanded a heavy tank regiment stationed in Romania. In 1947 he commanded a tank training battalion and starting in January 1948 he served as deputy commander of a mechanized regiment. He graduated from Molotov Higher Armor School in Leningrad in 1951 and was once again appointed deputy commander of a mechanized regiment. The last two years of his career Savelyev served as commandant of the 128th Regional Military Headquarters. On January 26, 1955, after just over 27 years of service, Colonel Savelyev was transferred to the reserve for the last time. He had been awarded six orders and two medals.


Record card

Order booklet nr. A-238473

1. Last name: Savelyev
2. First name and patronymic: Fyodor Alekseyevich
3. Military rank: Guards Lieutenant Colonel
4. Sex: Male
5. Year of birth: 1905
6. Place of birth: Village of Kostino, Krasny Kholm Raion, Kalinin Oblast
7. Party membership (since which year): Member of the Communist Party since 1930
8. Education: Secondary
9. Nationality: Russian
10. Since which year in the Red Army: Since 1927
11. Place of service (name of the unit) and position occupied at the time of the award: Deputy chief of the Reconnaissance Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army
12. Current place of service and position: Commander of the 69th Tank Training Battalion
13. Home address of awardee: Field post nr. 62122

14. Record of all awards received:

Name of the order or medal

Serial number

Number of the document

Ground of award

Order of the Red Star [citation]

213445

Temporary certificate nr. 871770

Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army nr. 022/N of July 28, 1943

Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd Class [citation]

44030

Temporary certificate nr. A-206029

Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army nr. 090/N of November 17, 1943

Order of the Red Banner [citation]

109614

Temporary certificate nr. B-233594

Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army nr. 030/N of February 23, 1944

Order of the Red Star

958334

Temporary certificate nr. 134276

Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 3, 1944

Medal for the Victory over Germany

-

Nr. 00046062

Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 9, 1945

Order of the Red Banner

371844

 

Decree of November 15, 1950

Order of Lenin

285400

 

Decree of November 5, 1954

Medal for the 30th Anniversary of the Soviet Army and Navy

 

 

 

Signature of the awardee: [signed]

I confirm the correctness of the data and the signature of the awardee (position and signature):

Chief of clerks of the Personnel Records Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Guards Junior Lieutenant [signed] /Kuzovsky/
June 15, 1947


Award sheet [for his first Red Star]

All fields to be filled out fully

1. Last name, first name and patronymic: Savelyev, Fyodor Alekseyevich
2. Military rank: Major
3. Position and unit: Deputy chief of the Reconnaissance Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Nominated for: Order of the Red Star
4. Year of birth: 1905
5. Nationality: Russian
6. Party affiliation: Member of the Communist Party
7. Participation in the Civil War, the subsequent combat actions to defend of the USSR, and the Patriotic War (where and when): Has been participating in the Patriotic War
8. Wounds and contusions received during the Patriotic War: Severely wounded
9. Since when in the Red Army: 1927
10. Drafted by which military commissariat:
11. Awards received previously (for which merits): None
12. Permanent home address of the prospective awardee and the address of his family: Village of Simenovo, Krasny Kholm Raion, Kalinin Oblast

Short, concrete description of his combat feat or merits:

Comrade Savelyev has been serving as deputy chief of the Reconnaissance Section and chief of the Army Reconnaissance Detachment of the 5th Guards Tank Army and has been handling his duties well.

During the combat operations he properly organized reconnaissance missions and promptly and correctly identified the enemy formation facing the Army's front line.

Comrade Savelyev personally visited the units and formations to organize night patrols tasked with taking prisoners and conducting reconnaissance.

Comrade Savelyev commands authority among the cadre members of the Reconnaissance Section. He properly organized the activities of the Army Reconnaissance Detachment.

He is dedicated to the Party of Lenin and Stalin and the socialist motherland. He deserves to be awarded the Order of the Red Star.

Deputy chief of staff for reconnaissance of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Guards Colonel [signed] /Grechanikov/


Award sheet [for his OPW2]

All fields to be filled out fully

1. Last name, first name and patronymic: Savelyev, Fyodor Alekseyevich
2. Military rank: Guards Major
3. Position and unit: Chief of the Army Reconnaissance Detachment of the Reconnaissance Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Nominated for: Order of the Red Banner
4. Year of birth: 1905
5. Nationality: Russian
6. Party affiliation: Member of the Communist Party
7. Participation in the Civil War, the subsequent combat actions to defend the USSR, and the Patriotic War (where and when): Has been participating in the Patriotic War since May 1942
8. Wounds and contusions received during the Patriotic War: Suffered wounds and contusions
9. Since when in the Red Army: From 1927 to 1930 and from 1931 to 1943
10. Drafted by which military commissariat: Military Commissariat of the Leningrad Raion
11. Awards received previously (for which merits): Order of the Red Star by Order of the 5th Guards Tank Army nr. 022 of July 28, 1943
12. Permanent home address of the prospective awardee and the address of his family: Village of Russky Kochim, ____ Mordovsky Kochin, Sosnovoborsk Raion, Penza Oblast

Short, concrete description of his combat feat or merits:

Serving as chief of the Army Reconnaissance Detachment, comrade Savelyev has been personally leading and organizing the battle reconnaissance.

During the combat operations conducted between October 15, 1943 and November 3, 1943, comrade Savelyev properly organized the reconnaissance missions, always knowing which enemy unit was facing the Army's front line and what its intentions were and drawing the right conclusions and making correct presumptions concerning the enemy's actions.

Comrade Savelyev repeatedly led reconnaissance missions himself. On October 18, 1943 he headed a reconnaissance party near Popelnastoye. By taking a prisoner he was able to determine the actions of the 161st Infantry Division in this sector. Over the course of the night of October 19 he properly set up a network of sound observers, which aided in determining the enemy's intentions in this sector.

On October 21, 1943, thanks to his personal participation in combat reconnaissance missions a prisoner of war was taken 18 kilometers deep in the enemy rear, who revealed the arrival of the 736th Tank Destroyer Battalion in our sector of the front.

On November 1, 1943 he carried out orders from Front headquarters to identify the enemy formation. He organized a reconnaissance mission with the goal of taking prisoners and capturing enemy documents.

Comrade Savelyev personally participated in the combat reconnaissance mission in the area west of Iskrovka, in the direction of the Savchin gully.

During the nighttime reconnaissance mission, they took prisoners from the 14th Tank Division's 108th Motorized Regiment near Alekseyevka, the 23rd Tank Division, and the 1st Assault Battalion, and they captured documents from the Totenkopf Tank Division near Nedaivoda, which allowed for the enemy formations facing the Army's front line to be completely identified. Comrade Savelyev deserves the Order of the Red Banner.

Deputy chief of staff for reconnaissance of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Guards Colonel [signed] /Grechanikov/


Award sheet [for his first Red Banner]

1. Last name, first name and patronymic: Savelyev, Fyodor Alekseyevich
2. Military rank: Guards Major
3. Position and unit: Chief of the 1st Subsection of the Reconnaissance Section of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Nominated for: Order of the Red Banner
4. Year of birth: 1905
5. Nationality: Russian
6. Party affiliation: Member of the Communist Party
7. Participation in the Civil War, the subsequent combat actions to defend the USSR, and the Patriotic War (where and when): Has been participating in the Patriotic War on the Western, Voronezh, Steppe, and 2nd Ukrainian Front from July 1941 up until the present time
8. Wounds and contusions received during the Patriotic War: Received two severe wounds
9. Since when in the Red Army: Since 1929
10. Drafted by which military commissariat:
11. Awards received previously (for which merits): Order of the Red Star and Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd Class for exemplary accomplishment of his tasks
12. Permanent home address of the prospective awardee and the address of his family:

Short, concrete description of his combat feat or merits:

On January 25, 1944 comrade Savelyev carried orders, along with a motorcycle regiment, to penetrate into the area near Shpola and Zvenigorodka in order to destroy enemy rear-area headquarters and take prisoners and capture operational documents. Comrade Savelyev displayed exceptional military skill, audacity, and resourcefulness. Having establish communications with the commander of the 29th Tank Corps, Major General Kirichenko, he led the reconnaissance along a wide front line, from Shpola and Zvenigorodka to Mokraya Kaligorka. This showed a large number of tanks in the enemy's rear. Near Shpola the headquarters of the 389th Infantry Division and an artillery regiment of said division were destroyed, 18 prisoners were taken, and all roads leading toward Shpola from the north and south were cut off.

With his reconnaissance detachment comrade Savelyev personally made contact with units of the 20th Tank Corps and linked up with units of the 1st Ukrainian Front near Zvenigorodka.

Cut off from their units, comrade Savelyev and his reconnaissance detachment reconnoitered along a wide front line. On orders from General Kirichenko, they maintained uninterrupted communications with our units from Zhuravka to Zvenigorodka. On various occassions he personally commanded the reconnaissance detachment in battle. On February 2, 1944, while carrying out orders to reconnoiter Iskrennoye, he was severely wounded.

For his personal bravery and for skillfully leading the Army Reconnaissance Detachment comrade Savelyev deserves to be awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

Deputy chief of staff for reconnaissance of the 5th Guards Tank Army
Guards Colonel [signed] /Grechanikov/



Savelyev as a Lieutenant Colonel


Savelyev 's award group, obverse


Savelyev 's award group, reverse

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